Un consensus d’experts ? : les études disponibles

Selon la DSCR, les feux de jours releveraient d’un “quasi-consensus” des experts : tous ou presques seraient d’accord pour dire le bienfait de cette mesure !

Vraiment ?
Ci-dessous la liste des études publiées, et les arguments apportés à ces études, dénonçant les approximations, erreurs de méthodologie, partis-pris etc ...

Etudes feux de jour Analyse, réponse ou critique

Andersson & Nilsson 1981 ’The effect on
accidents of compulsory use of running lights during daylight in Sweden’,
Statens Vπg- och Trafik-Institutet (VTI), Link˘ping, Sweden, Rapport
Nr208A, 198 (not available on the internet)

href="http://www.cs.vu.nl/~cogsci/cogpsy/theeuwes/AAP_1995.pdf">Theeuwes J &
Riemersma JBJ, 1995 ’Daytime running lights as a vehicle collision
countermeasure : The Swedish evidence reconsidered. Accident Analysis
and Prevention 27(5) 633.642 (1,081kb pdf 10 pages)

Williams AF, Farmer CM. ’Comment on Theeuwes
and Riemersma’s revisit of daytime running lights’ Accid Anal
Prev. 1996 Jul ;28(4):541-42 (not available on the internet)

href="http://www.cs.vu.nl/~cogsci/cogpsy/theeuwes/AAP_1996.pdf">Theeuwes, J.
& Riemersma, J.B.J (1996) ’Comment on Williams and Farmer’s
claims regarding Day Time Running Lights’ Accident Analysis & Prevention,
28, 799-800 (171kb pdf 2 pages)

1996 A meta-analysis of studies concerning the safety effects of
daytime running lights on cars (from Elsevier Press .00)

Years on - Do Motorcar Daytime Headlights reduce accidents ? 
Prower 2000 (63kb pdf) 

<a href="http://www.swov.nl/rapport/R-97-36.PDF">Koornstra et al SWOV (EU) 1997 R97-36 (901kb pdf 179 pages)

The safety effects of daytime running lights

Koornstra et al 1997 only achieved consistent findings in favour of
daytime running lights from their re-analysis of the Swedish and Norwegian
data by the adoption of an inconsistent methodology. Prower 2001
(45kb pdf)

href="http://dmses.dot.gov/docimages/pdf42/70392_web.pdf">General Motors 1999

General Motors Daytime Lights Field Effectiveness Study

href="http://www.lightsout.org/news.html">DADRL USA’s response Johnson -
web link

href="http://www.lightsout.org/docs/DRL7_RPT.pdf">Tessmer 2000 NHTSA (71kb
pdf 34 pages)

A preliminary assessment of the crash reducing
effectiveness of passenger car daytime running lamps (DRLs)

for National Highway Transport Safety Authority

<a href="http://www.lightsout.org/DRL7_remarks.html">DADRL USA’s response Johnson - web link

href="http://www.safespeed.org.uk/~dadrl/NHTSA%202000%20critique.pdf">How NHTSA
2000 fails to overcome the problems of method of the daytime running
light studies by Prower 2001 (98kb pdf)

General comment on

and Prower 2003 Ò
Review of the evidence for motorcycle and
motorcar daytime lightsÓ<span
style='color:black'> (437kb pdf)

<a href="http://europa.eu.int/comm/transport/road/roadsafety/equipment/daytimerunninglights/documents/IR2_report3_ver_oct_2004.pdf">Elvik et al (EU IR2) 2003 (2,175kb pdf 124 pages)

Daytime running lights 
A systematic review of effects on road safety

of the Methodology of IR2 : ÒDaytime
Running Lights by The Motorcycle Action Group UKÓ
Hardy (199kb pdf)

the method of Elvik et al 2003 is unscientific ; its findings unreliable ;
and its cost-benefit calculation baseless Prower (149kb pdf)

et al (EU IR3) 2004 (1,135kb 31 pages)

Do other road users suffer from the presence of cars that have their
daytime running lights on ?

of the Methodology of IR3 Milnes DADRL UK (65kb pdf)

2004 NHTSA

An Assessment of the Crash-Reducing Effectiveness of Passenger Vehicle
Daytime Running Lamps (DRLs)

for National Highway Transport Safety Authority USA (NHTSA) This was
an in-house study

href="http://www.safespeed.org.uk/~dadrl/Tessmer%205208-A4.pdf">NHTSA daytime
running lights NHTSA

href="http://www.lightsout.org/DADRL20050220.html">Comments on Tessmer DRL Study

by Association of Drivers Against Daytime Running Lights USA -
web link

href="http://www.safespeed.org.uk/~dadrl/Tessmer%205208-A4.pdf">A critical review
of Tessmer 2004 ÒAn Assessment of the Crash-Reducing Effectiveness
of Passenger Vehicle Daytime Running LampsÓ Prower BMF (200kb

Japanese Government position on DRL <a href="http://www.safespeed.org.uk/~dadrl/Jap%20govt%20gtr5-6e.pdf">Japan’s comment on TRANS/WP.29/GRE/2001/6/Rev.3 (176kb pdf see page 15) <a href="http://www.safespeed.org.uk/~dadrl/Jap%20govt%20Hyodo.pdf">Daytime Running Lamp in Japan 1 page comment (11kb pdf)

The Association Drivers Against Daytime Running
Lights agrees with these papers and supports the Japanese government
in their quest to use low non glaring 200cd DRL.

Japanese Government : Study on the Effects of Four-wheeled Vehicles’ Daytime Running Lights on the Improvement of Their Conspicuity and on the Impairment of Conspicuity of Motorcycles <a href="http://www.safespeed.org.uk/~dadrl/TRANS-WP29-GRE-51-10e.pdf">TRANS WP29 GRE 51 10e (245kb pdf)
Japanese Government : Study on the Effects of the Daytime Running Lights of Four-wheeled Vehicles on Their Discernibility (and on the Impairment of Conspicuity of Motorcycles) <a href="http://www.safespeed.org.uk/~dadrl/TRANS-WP29-GRE-53-08e.pdf">TRANS WP29 GRE 53 08e Report No. 2 (163kb pdf)
Lassarre 2001 Sylvain Lassarre ’ƒvaluation de l’exp≥rimentation des feux de croisement de jour dans les Landes’ Rapport de recherche INRETS Septembre 2001

The Association Drivers Against Daytime Running
Lights plan to offer a response to these documents in due course

href="http://www.atsb.gov.au/road/pdf/cr218.pdf">Cairney & Styles 2003 
Peter Cairney and Tanya Styles ’Review of the literature on daytime
running lights (DRL)’ Department of Transport and Regional Services,
Australian Transport Safety Bureau, ARRB Transport Research CR 218 October

Wells et al 2004 
Susan Wells, Bernadette Mullin, Robyn Norton, John Langley, Jennie Connor,
Roy Lay-Yee, Rod Jackson ’Motorcycle rider conspicuity and crash
related injury : case-control study’ BMJ, doi:10.1136/bmj.37984.574757.EE
(published 23 January 2004)

2004 EU IR1 State of the art with respect to DRL installations (947kb
69 pages)

2004 EU IR4 DRL Implementation Scenarios

style='color:black'>(302kb 19 pages)

The Association
Drivers Against Daytime Running Lights plan to offer a response to these
documents in due course

Final Report 2004 TNO

style='color:black'>(240kb 10 pages)

<a href="http://www.safespeed.org.uk/~dadrl/FEMA%20EU%20Final%20Report%20response.pdf">FEMA Comments on the Final Report on Daytime Running Lights Perlot 2005 (37kb pdf 2 pages)